The Land of the River Nile, Egypt, has one of the most ancient and greatest civilizations in the history of mankind. People who lived there thousands of years ago have left behind an astonishing legacy of art, architecture and literature.
Perhaps the greatest single distinguishing feature of Egypt is the great river Nile. It flows through the entire length of the land and is the only river in the world to flow from south to north. A Nile cruise abroad a ship/felucca can be the most exciting and relaxing travel experience you have ever had. The mystique, allure and beauty of Cairo draw thousands of tourists to Egypt every year. The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities houses a vast collection of relics and artifacts from almost every period of ancient Egypt.
Islamic Cairo, an old medieval quarter will take you back six or seven centuries. Some of Islamic Cairo's highlights include one of the largest mosques in the world, the 9th century Ibn Tulun Mosque; the Mausoleum of Imam ash-Shafi'i, one of Islam's Greatest saints; and the Citadel, an impressive medieval fortress that was the seat of Egyptian power for 700 years .
The Fortress town of Babylon, a Roman town, dominates the southern part of the city. Developed as the powerhouse of native Christianity, its distinguishing mark is The Coptic Museum featuring several medieval churches and exhibits covering Egypt's Christian era between 300 and 1000 AD.
Spread over several kilometers in the outskirts of Cairo, are the pyramids. For centuries, millions of people around the world have been fascinated by the mystery, which surrounds them. The Pyramids of Giza are one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. These Great Pyramids have survived the rise and fall of numerous dynasties and conquerors. The Sphinx and other smaller pyramids and temples can be seen in the same area , The magnificent monumental architectures make Luxor one of Egypt's greatest tourist destinations. The Luxor Temple and the Temples of Karnack are the two most historic sites of this ancient but well-preserved city. Of the other temples in the city Hatesphut Temple, the Edfu and Kam Ombo Temples are the most frequented. Developed by Alexander the Great, Alexandrias Graeco-Roman Museum contains relics that date back to the 3rd century BC.
There is a magnificent black-granite sculpture of Apis, the sacred bull worshipped by the Egyptians. You would also be able to see mummies, sarcophaguses, pottery, jewelry and ancient tapestries. The Roman Amphitheatre was discovered recently and is the only amphitheatre, which the Romans had built in Egypt.
Aswan is the southern-most city of Egypt. Here the Nile is at its majestic best as it makes its way down the massive High Dam and Lake Nasser. Temples and ruins in the area are not as well preserved as elsewhere but nonetheless Aswan will be an unforgettable experience. Some of the more famous temples in Aswan are the Unfinished Obelisk and Philae Temple.
In the south, along the border with Sudan, is the Nubian Desert while in the north is the Sinai Peninsula consisting of sandy desert and rugged mountains. Mount Catherine (Jabal Katrinah) (2,637 m/8,652 ft), the highest point in Egypt, is in the Sinai Peninsula, as is Mount Sinai (Jabal Mosa), where, according to the Old Testament, Moses received the Ten Commandments.
There are many cultural facilities in the country. These include besides others, the Pocket Theater, the National Puppet Theater, the Opera House, and the National Symphony.
Egypt is famous for its belly dancing. Most of the dancers at resorts and tourist hotels are European or American, as it is Considered improper for Arab women to behave so provocatively.
The best time to visit Egypt is between mid-April and mid-May as you can enjoy the warm days without feeling the midday heat of peak summer. However if you want to go to Upper Egypt and Luxor, the summer months can be uncomfortably hot and therefore, winter is definitely the best time to be there.